Low back pain refers to a shooting or stabbing pain felt in the lower back and difficulty in standing straight. Based on the severity and duration of symptoms, LBP may be acute (≤1 month), sub- acute (1 month – 2 month), or chronic (≥2 month).
Causes of Low Back Pain
- Poor posture
- Sudden Injury
- Muscle spasm
- Infection of spine (including Pott’s Spine)
- Lack of exercises
- Pain during pregnancy
- Being overweight
When to Contact a Physiotherapist
- A tingling or burning sensation, a dull achy feeling, or sharp pain in the lower back.
- The pain may radiate into the leg, hip or bottom of the foot.
- Pain gets worse with sneezing or coughing.
- The pain may be worsened by sitting or standing for prolonged period.
- Tingling pain (Pins and Needles sensation) or numbness that is radiating down to the buttocks, thigh, calf or even to the sole of the foot.
Diagnosis of Low Back Pain
It involves one or more of the following steps to reach to the precise diagnosis and cause of the LBP.
- Musculoskeletal Evaluation by Physiotherapist
- Radiographic studies
Treatment of Low Back Pain
- Protection and Conservation of the back in the acute and sub- acute stages.
- Anti- inflammatory drugs
- Muscle relaxants
- Spinal surgeries